• Detailed DescriptionRuginoasa Pit

    Ruginoasa Pit is a huge ravine of 600 meters in diameter and 100 meters deep, with rust-coloured tears. It was formed by rain erosion, extremely active of the deposits of quartzite, frese and red clays. It is a true live Wound in the body of the mountain, the erosion is yet currently  extending on one side of the pit, the vegetation has begun to grow due to a smoother slope. Between pit slopes there were created very narrow valleys that give the appearance of a torrent canyon bottom.

    During rainfall,  through it, the water flows through the torrent, contributing to its development. The interior of the Pit is divided into four large sectors,  by the narrow and sharp slopes, like blade.  The area they occupy is nearly 20 ha, and the volume of  eroded material  over time is estimated at about 7 million cubic meters.

    This is a famous and vast torrential phenomenon, it lies at an altitude of about 1,400 meters in the  Padis Mountains – Scărișoara (a part of the Bihor Mountains), between the La Morminti peak (1430 meters) and Țapul Peak (1475 meters). Its inclined walls, the sharp edges are converging toward the center of the pit, where is found the Seacă Valley dale, with sectors of keys, which can be crossed only by climbers. Beyond the pit at 4 km there is the Flowers Glade and the white walls which are seen in the distance are the Galbenei Stones.

    Ruginoasa Pit due to the uniqueness of the landscape is a protected area of ​​national interest, a natural reservation of geological type, located in the Southeastern part of Bihor county,  on the administrative territory of Pietroasa Commune.  It is a part of the Apuseni Natural Park.

    How to get to Ruginoasa Pit:

    From the Vârtop Saddle, on the yellow lane.  The marking starts after 10 minutes from the Vârtop saddle towards Lunca. In the entrance there is also located a panel. Here, we leave the road, cross the brook and start climbing for 40 minutes. We come to a glade, where up before us, there is a broad saddle. We reach the saddle, and under us, there can be seen the Ruginoasa Pit. The way back is identical to the access one, and it is the last part of the route.

    In autumn of 2014, it was rebuilt the trail that climbs from DN75 to Ruginoasa Pit. There were made of wooded and stone stairs in much more difficult places and wooden railings. Thus we can more easily reach the Ruginoasa Pit, in the white season, too.

    What can you visit near Ruginoasa Pit?

    Țapul Peak – a peak situated just next to Ruginoasa Pit, where you’ll have a spectacular view of the Vârtop-Arieseni holiday village and Vârtop slopes.

    Black stones – on top of which there opens a splendid view of the BihorPeak.

    Vârtop slopes – these especially in winter season.

    Bihor Gates Cave – a cave with a giant entrance which will give access to the bottom of spectacular pit.
    Vârciorog Falls – a beautiful waterfall of 15 meters high, located at the base of Grăitoare Stone Peak

    What paths of maximum one day could I make, which would include the Ruginoasa Pit, too?

    • Arieșeni – Vârtop holiday village – Ruginoasa Pit – Țapul Peak – back
    • Arieșeni – Ruginoasa Pit – Piatra Grăitoare (Talking Stone) Chairlift – Piatra Grăitoare Peak – Vârciorog Falls – Arieșeni
    • Arieșeni – Ruginoasa Pit – Luncșoara Canton – Galbenei Keys – Cobles – Arieșeni
    • Arieșeni – Ruginoasa Pit – Luncșoara Canton – Galbenei Keys – Bortig Pit – Ponorului Fortresses – Cobles – Arieșeni